Percentage of students who completed a developmental reading sequence within four years
First-time students enrolled in transfer programs in the summer or fall 2004 terms who were referred to a developmental reading course
About two-fifths (41 percent) of incoming Virginia Community College System (VCCS) students who were referred to a developmental reading course one level below the college level completed the developmental reading sequence, while 20 percent of those referred to a course two levels below the college level completed the sequence.
Most beginning community college students must complete at least one developmental education course in mathematics or English (reading, writing, or both), and many must complete multiple courses in one or more subjects. Completing the highest-level developmental course in a subject is the final precollege milestone and is often required to transfer to a four-year institution or to earn a certificate or associate degree.
Roksa, J., Jenkins, D., Jaggars, S., Zeidenberg, M., & Sung-Woo, C. (2009, November). Strategies for promoting gatekeeper course success among students needing remediation: Research report for the Virginia Community College System (full-length technical report). New York: Community College Research Center, Teachers College, Columbia University.